Glaucoma is an eye disease that can cause you to lose your eyesight as you age. It is caused by the increasing pressure within the eye that destroys your optic nerves and distorts your vision. In serious cases, you might even go completely blind. Older adults are more prone to developing glaucoma due to weaker eye muscles and other health conditions. Although glaucoma is not curable, you can still take steps to protect your or your loved one’s eyes and prevent glaucoma from developing or worsening. We have developed a guide that details what you can do to protect seniors from glaucoma.
Wear Eye Protection
Eye injuries tend to cause older adults to develop glaucoma. That is why it is important to wear eye protection when you’re outside. Wear sunglasses or hats whenever possible when you are outdoors. Ultraviolet rays are not only damaging for your skin but can also raise your risk of eye-related diseases like cataracts and glaucoma.
It is well known that exercising can improve your overall health. In the case of eye care, exercising regularly can help in the lowering of eye pressure. Eye pressure is one of the major causes of glaucoma, so reducing it can help ward off the risk of development. Moderate low-impact exercises at least three times a week are adequate for older adults. You can do something simple like a stroll in the neighborhood or take dance classes. Do avoid any exercises that involve being in inverted positions as those increase eye pressure.
Maintain Normal Blood Pressure and Insulin Levels
Rising blood pressure causes eye pressure to increase as well. Similarly, rising insulin levels also cause blood pressure to rise, and in turn cause high eye pressure. Insulin resistance has also been found to elevate eye pressure, one of the leading causes of glaucoma. Ensure your loved one has a well-rounded diet that consists of nutrients and vitamins and low levels of sugars and carbohydrates.
Schedule Doctor Appointments
After the age of 65, you should regularly visit the optometrist every two years. These scheduled appointments and eye exams are a great way to evaluate your eye health and detect glaucoma in its early stages. This will allow your doctor to prescribe any treatment to prevent your condition from worsening. For those with diabetes or high blood pressure, you should schedule more frequent appointments as you are at a higher risk of developing glaucoma.
Take Eye Care Medicine
Taking prescribed eye-related medication can stop glaucoma from progressing. Visit the doctor or optometrist to get an eye check. If your loved one already shows symptoms of glaucoma, your doctor will prescribe you eye drop medication. These eye drops will have to be taken as directed by the doctor. Missing any dosage can cause the treatment to become ineffective. You can still be prescribed eye drops even if your loved one doesn’t have glaucoma but do take note to only use them when your loved one’s eyes are dry or feeling irritated. Eye drops should not be used regularly on healthy eyes.